"Socialism is a cultural project." These words were uttered by François Mitterrand in 1981, at the start of his first term as president. It was a great statement of faith, faith in a world where art and creation would be at the heart of a political vision. During his presidency, culture would indeed enjoy a privileged place, with the help of a young, energetic Jack Lang as cultural minister. His close relationship with Mitterrand would be a key to their ambitious cultural policy.